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@Article{CardozoMont:2019:AsSoVu,
               author = "Cardozo, Claudia Paola and Monteiro, Ant{\^o}nio Miguel Vieira",
          affiliation = "{} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)}",
                title = "Assessing social vulnerability to natural hazards in Nova 
                         Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro Mountain Region, Brazil",
              journal = "Revista de Estudios Latinoamericanos Sobre Reducci{\'o}n Del 
                         Riesgo de Desastres (REDER)",
                 year = "2019",
               volume = "3",
               number = "2",
                pages = "71--83",
             keywords = "Social vulnerability, Natural hazards, Principal Component 
                         Analysis, Brazil, Vulnerabilidad Social, Peligros Naturales, 
                         An{\'a}lisis de Componentes Principales, Brasil.",
             abstract = "Brazil faces a complex scenario of natural hazards, essentially as 
                         a direct result of its size, diversity and both its natural and 
                         social heterogeneity. In 2011, massive landslides were triggered 
                         by extreme rainfall that caused the so-called Mega disaster in the 
                         mountainous region of Rio de Janeiro. This paper describes the 
                         development of a social vulnerability index at the census tract 
                         level using SoVI method. It also examines the potential value of 
                         the Social Vulnerability Index to explain the impact of the 2011 
                         landslides on population of Nova Friburgo municipality. Principal 
                         Component analysis reveals that six factors explain 73.6% of the 
                         data variance. Spatial pattern analysis suggests that about 84% of 
                         the area is classified with moderate level of social 
                         vulnerability. The highest social vulnerability values are 
                         concentrated in areas where population density is high and the 
                         main economic activities are developed. The resulting knowledge 
                         provides to local community, government and civil organizations 
                         with a basis to comprehend the geography and drivers of social 
                         vulnerability, which can be leveraged to achieve an effective 
                         preparation and response to face future natural hazards and also 
                         to promote disaster-resilient societies. RESUMEN: Brasil enfrenta 
                         un escenario complejo de peligros naturales, como resultado 
                         directo de su tamaņo, diversidad y heterogeneidad tanto social 
                         como natural. En 2011, se produjeron deslizamientos masivos 
                         provocados por lluvias extremas que causaron el denominado 
                         Megadesastre en la regi{\'o}n montaņosa de Rio de Janeiro. Este 
                         trabajo describe el desarrollo de un {\'{\I}}ndice de 
                         Vulnerabilidad Social a nivel de distrito censal, utilizando el 
                         m{\'e}todo SoVI. Tambi{\'e}n examina el valor potencial del 
                         {\'{\i}}ndice para explicar el impacto de los deslizamientos de 
                         2011 en la poblaci{\'o}n de Nova Friburgo. El An{\'a}lisis de 
                         Componentes Principales (ACP) revela que seis factores explican el 
                         73.6% de la varianza de los datos. El an{\'a}lisis de patrones 
                         espaciales sugiere que aproximadamente el 84% del {\'a}rea es 
                         clasificada con nivel moderado de vulnerabilidad social. Los 
                         valores m{\'a}s altos se registran donde la densidad de 
                         poblaci{\'o}n es alta y adem{\'a}s se desarrollan las 
                         principales actividades econ{\'o}micas. El conocimiento 
                         resultante proporciona a la comunidad local, al gobierno y a las 
                         organizaciones civiles una base para comprender la 
                         geograf{\'{\i}}a y los impulsores de la vulnerabilidad social, 
                         que pueden aprovecharse para lograr una preparaci{\'o}n y 
                         respuesta efectivas para enfrentar futuros peligros naturales y 
                         tambi{\'e}n para promover sociedades resilientes a los 
                         desastres.",
                label = "lattes: 0654596992211296 2 CardozoViei:2019:AsSoVu",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "cardozo_assessing.pdf",
                  url = "http://revistareder.com/ojs/index.php/reder/article/viewFile/33/35",
        urlaccessdate = "2019, Dec. 10"
}


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